Periodontitis is an advanced stage of gum disease that can present in a variety of ways-bleeding gums, swollen gums, loose teeth, bad breath, painful chewing, sensitive teeth, long appearing teeth.  The term periodontal means "around the tooth." Therefore, periodontal disease affects the gums and bone supporting teeth.  The disease can also affect dental implants and is termed peri-implantitis.

Chronic periodontitis is one of the most common forms of the disease and is frequently seen in adults. The CDC estimates that almost half of individuals 30 years of age or older have some form of gum disease increasing to nearly three-quarters of those 65 years or older. The infection starts when the gums become inflamed due to bacteria in plaque, a sticky, colorless biofilm that forms on teeth. While this is often the main cause of periodontal disease, other factors can also be present which affect the health of the teeth and gums including:

  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Medications
  • Habits (clenching and grinding teeth)
  • Nutrition
  • Stress
  • Genetics

Gum disease can progress slowing or rapidly, depending on the individual, and treatment must be customized to meet your particular need.

View a brief animated video on periodontitis and its treatment here.

Perform a self-assessment of your oral health here.